Scroll through the Top 10 Problems in the World Today.. 10. A propitious year, it might be supposed, to consider the future of land warfare. And so we—you know, we design those very carefully. It kind of seemed to me sliding over the part about the split between the Sunnis and the Shia that were going to be in this force. So let’s see, who will—who will be first? We’ve been that since World War II, and that’s been part of what we’ve done in this country, not for gain but for economic advantage for everybody, for the opportunity for people to establish their own way of life. You’ve got the jobs thinking about the future of the force. Of the many hurdles military veterans face in America today, they name adjusting back to everyday life as the most significant challenge. So I think as kind of a two-prong approach, the ability to communicate directly with them is probably beyond my understanding of the politics of this, but I think, you know, we’re going to have to figure out how to communicate ideally through probably the Chinese and leverage the Chinese to do that. We’ve seen a lot of back and forth in the past year between the Navy and others, and the White House, about the degree to which we want to run freedom of navigation operations down into these areas that the Chinese have claimed their own. And so that, I think, is the first mission there, is to preserve our ability to do that, preserve our access through that part of the world. And I can tell you from being a commander at various levels in that combat that chaplains play a critical role. Would lowering the age of recruitment fix the military’s recruiting worries? SANGER: And what will that be 10 years from now, do you think? According to Alicia Nicholson, “women have every opportunity that males have when making the military a career" although this is only the case when a woman chooses a field that is not combat-oriented. This is a fundamentally different situation. We have the ability to track and find and see, and given—it’s not perfect but it’s better than what anybody else has got. These are Inuit tribesmen who have lived up there for more than the last millennium and they say: The ocean around us has changed. The other key piece in this—if you’re going to build public trust to invest in a service—we doubled down on our financial auditing process. I think he looks like an alien, don’t you? (Laughs, laughter.) So we doubled the numbers. It goes back to how big the forces are. Get the military's most comprehensive news and information every morning. Assessing President Trump’s Legacy of Cyber Confusion, Blog Post You know, when you think about the five big areas—, MILLEY: General Neller, is that what you—. You may not have seen them but they’re there. (Applause. WELSH: You know, we started with a very complex approach to this, and the fundamental reality on the economic side is it’s got to be cheaper to shoot it down than it is to fire it, and we’re not anywhere near that yet. But by doing that, that puts pressure on the force. The other services are experiencing problems in specific functional areas: pilots, cyber warriors and special ops, as examples. So tell us a little bit about, as you look forward to the size of the force and where we deploy them in the next few years, what are you seeing? SANGER: —a North Korea that could actually put a nuclear weapon on a short-range missile. Can anyone here name eight out of the 10 most violent countries in the world? It is a glacier on the ice fields of Greenland that is moving during the summer months at the rate of over eight miles a year. And their ability to move inside their own territory and their interior lines has been significantly degraded. So that’s another element that we’re going to have to look at as well. Yes, we still need NATO. And they had this terrorist component. Losing an edge in irregular warfare, leaps in missile defense - Defense News Weekly, 01.10.21, Is the U.S. military losing an edge in irregular warfare? And I’m not going to speak to those authorities that are available to the president of the United States and the national leadership under authorities that they use to protect the nation. Transition 2021: What Will Biden’s Trade Policy Look Like? So in terms of land, for example, the territory of the caliphate has been reduced significantly. So our acquisition budget, it doubled this last year in 2016 so we are no longer a “do more with less” Coast Guard. I want to thank the audience for coming here and for such terrific questions. And we talked earlier about the Internet and cyberwarfare. RICHARDSON: Well, I think, you know, the point to be made is that—and, you know, we talk about this in the tank quite a bit—is that every one of these conflicts now is sort of transregional, right? Will we ever have everything we need in our kit? And I think my parents are here, including my dad, who’s a veteran of Okinawa and Iwo Jima, and was lucky enough to meet the chiefs earlier. And it’s an existential threat to them. Soldiers routinely complain that they are living in damp houses without proper heating or insulation. Early in the year, that was reduced to 76,500. (Laughter.) Providing readers with the essential background and building blocks necessary to make sense of this complicated and interconnected world. The Navy hits a new milestone in missile defense. This is a whole-of-government approach. So, this task falls to a small portion of Americans, largely from the third and fourth socio-economic quintiles, to discharge on behalf of a nation of limited-liability patriots. Edited by: A. N. Vladimir Putin said this week that he remains committed to moving to an all-volunteer military, even though budgetary stringencies have slowed the process. So the real challenge will be for all of us if there’s something beyond what is currently happening in the world, and then we’ll get into some really hard choices. My name is Roland Paul. This is different than, you know, attacking networks and water systems and all that. In fact, ours came out the day after. MILLEY: Red Sox to win the series. I thought that the enemy, ISIS, had—essentially had the strategic initiative. (Laughter. ), WELSH: Probably not—(laughter)—although you’d all look really good sitting in it, just like we do. We had too much war and not enough warriors, but the American people and Congress declined to consider conscription, leaving the problems to the Pentagon and the 1 percent of the population willing to serve in the military. Everything stems, you know, beyond—transregionally if not globally, cyber being a big part of this. WELSH: The largest period of sustained lack of conflict in Western Europe in history, I think. You know, about 30 percent of the world’s trade flows through that part of the ocean. And it’s going to be spectacular to watch where it goes, but it doesn’t necessarily go bigger. RICHARDSON: He read the book and he saw the movie. I think clearly if you go to the Baltic States and talk to them, they’re concerned. What are you seeing in the Russian navy and submarine force? Pure evidence that recidivism lives out here, that you guys were willing to come back. Would you object strenuously if the decision was made to shift part of the Navy budget to the Coast Guard? We’ve had pretty good success at that here of late without going after my dear friend John Richardson’s Navy budget. I know that everyone here joins me in thanking the chiefs for taking the time out of their schedules to be with us tonight, but more importantly I know everyone here joins me in thanking them for what they do for all of us, the other 364 days a year. I can assure you from personal witness that chaplains are out there. SANGER: You can pass these off a little bit later on, yeah. Do you agree with that after your—. Russia has aggressively crossed sovereign international boundaries that have been sovereign countries since the fall of the Berlin Wall in ’89 and ’90. And you’re going to have all these other big challenges, and we haven’t gotten to Russia yet as well. (Laughter, applause. And they’re huge combat multipliers because, as General Milley says, even though if you went—whatever chapel you would go based on your perspective faith, there may not be a lot of people at church, but when people start shooting at you, everybody gets religion. We’ve got the total Army, so we’re about a million strong in the United States Army. SANGER: Just one or two last things and then we’re going to open it up to all of you. SANGER: Well, let’s turn to our members here. So as far as anything different, I think part of the discussion that we’ve had—or at least I’ve had in my own mind—is before they were—it was annoying and it was kind of a difficult thing, but now the capabilities that they’re looking at—we know they have nuclear weapons but they haven’t had the means to deliver them to the homeland. (Laughter.). That’s still there. MILLEY: Well, for the Army they’re just—you mentioned going down to 450(,000). There is no doubt that there is a serious problem in manning the American military. But also I’m going to single out Mark Welsh, the chief of staff for the Air Force, for the last time. I want to start off by asking you on the counterterrorism side: How do you assess, General Milley, the speed with which we reacted to the rise of ISIS two years ago? I’m not going to speak for my fellows up here, but I think we generally agree with that. We’re going to do what we have to do to support the policy makers. And if you wait for a microphone and give us your name and affiliation, and please limit yourself to one question, and please actually make it a question. Soviet forces were already there. How does the U.S.—how does DOD and how does the wider government plan for opponents that may seek strategies that stay under a threshold of a military response, that try to use less than fully attributable means to prevent DOD from responding to them? SANGER: China is a long-term challenge, for the reasons we’ve discussed. SANGER: Something you heard in the campaign a lot in the past few debates was that the American Navy is going down to sizes and numbers that we hadn’t seen in nearly a century, and yet you pack more technology onto every square foot of your ships—. I’d missed several recent issues of the Marine Corps … So if you look at the refugees coming across the Aegean Sea—so we need to anticipate, you know, the movement of people and where will they resettle as we look at rising sea levels, and we need to think long term about this. We’re working with them right now to sign Conduct for Unplanned Encounters at Sea so they won’t take these actions against our Navy and other forces as well, but at least to have that open and frank dialogue for the very same reasons that are mentioned here. Why not? Many times, a veteran just needs a helping hand, like Edward Andruskieicz, of Lynn, Massachusetts. It is one of capability—its leadership, training, equipment—and for about two years there they had a big gap and they became essentially very poorly trained, poorly led after we left from ’11 to ’14. Now, the first vaccines are being distributed, spurring hope that the pandemic’s end is in sight. SANGER: And we’ve seen one other change in the past six to eight months. It’s just to be better at what we’ve always done. And Military Times look at where your MRE's come from, on Defense News Weekly for Jan. 9, 2021. And let’s make it a little more complicated by asking the question, do we still need it if the NATO members other than the United States don’t pay a larger and larger share? But it’s also—I think it would be a mistake to characterize the Iraqi government or the Iraqi security forces as a surrogate of Iran. SANGER: You’re going to go down to at least 450(,000). We are just past that step in the unmanned world. And you’re seeing today bits and pieces of it in the news. That’s for sure. Some, for sure, to train, advise, assist, enable, to provide some forward advisory effort to bring in fires from either naval or air platforms and to help the Iraqi Security Forces to build up their capabilities, and the Kurdish forces. The team has sort of stood up, organized, and—organized their defenses to become very capable in this. But major uncertainty remains. The service chiefs address domain and region-specific challenges facing the United States today. What are we doing about missile defense—not just to you but any of you, what are we doing about missile defense, and particularly looking forward to a world where there will be several nuclear weapons-capable states, bad guy states? We realize we may have been a little bit too dogmatic in terms of, you know, phases of warfare and such, and our competitors are targeting that vulnerability and we’ll respond. On the Iraqi side it will be the Iraqi government’s security—. 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